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(1549 previous messages)
- 06:59pm Apr 19, 2002 EST (#1550
How the British fought terror in Jenin - http://www.jpost.com/Editions/2002/04/18/Columns/Columns.47190.html
'Demolishing the homes of Arab civilians... Shooting
handcuffed prisoners... Forcing local Arabs to test areas where
mines may have been planted..."
These sound like the sort of accusations made by British and
other European officials concerning Israel's recent actions in
Jenin. In fact, they are descriptions from official British
documents concerning the methods used by the British authorities to
combat Palestinian Arab terrorism in Jenin and elsewhere in
The documents were declassified by London in 1989. They
provide details of the British Mandatory government's response to
the assassination of a British district commissioner by a
Palestinian Arab terrorist in Jenin in the summer of 1938.
Even after the suspected assassin was captured (and then shot
dead while allegedly trying to escape), the British authorities
decided that "a large portion of the town should be blown up" as
punishment. On August 25 of that year, a British convoy brought
4,200 kilos of explosives to Jenin for that purpose.
In the Jenin operation and on other occasions, local Arabs
were forced to drive "mine-sweeping taxis" ahead of British vehicles
in areas where Palestinian Arab terrorists were believed to have
planted mines, in order "to reduce [British] landmine
The British authorities frequently used these and similar
methods to combat Palestinian Arab terrorism in the late 1930s.
BRITISH forces responded to the presence of terrorists in the
Arab village of Miar, north of Haifa, by blowing up house after
house in October 1938.
"When the troops left, there was little else remaining of the
once-busy village except a pile of mangled masonry," The New York
The declassified documents refer to an incident in Jaffa in
which a handcuffed prisoner was shot by the British police.
Under Emergency Regulation 19b, the British Mandate government
could demolish any house located in a village where terrorists
resided, even if that particular house had no direct connection to
terrorist activity. Mandate official Hugh Foot later recalled: "When
we thought that a village was harboring rebels, we'd go there and
mark one of the large houses. Then, if an incident was traced to
that village, we'd blow up the house we'd marked."
The High Commissioner for Palestine, Harold MacMichael,
defended the practice: "The provision is drastic, but the situation
has demanded drastic powers."
MacMichael was furious over what he called the "grossly
exaggerated accusations" that England's critics were circulating
concerning British anti-terror tactics in Palestine. Arab
allegations that British soldiers gouged out the eyes of Arab
prisoners were quoted prominently in the Nazi German press and
The declassified documents also record discussions among
officials of the Colonial Office concerning the rightness or
wrongness of the anti-terror methods used in Palestine. Lord
Dufferin remarked: "British lives are being lost and I don't think
that we, from the security of Whitehall, can protest squeamishly
about measures taken by the men in the frontline."
- 07:06pm Apr 19, 2002 EST (#1551
An investigation into the mass deaths of German prisoners at
the hands of the French and Americans after World War II - http://www.ukar.org/mclell24.shtml
- 07:10pm Apr 19, 2002 EST (#1552
Belgian Congo atrocities under King Leopold and ED Morel - http://www2.prestel.co.uk/littleton/brfobcon.htm
- 07:15pm Apr 19, 2002 EST (#1553
WAR CRIMES IN VIETNAM - http://www2.prestel.co.uk/littleton/br67wcv0.htm
- 07:29pm Apr 19, 2002 EST (#1554
The American oil company EXXON has been accused of committing
atrocities in Indonesia, namely murder, torture and rape, against
the population in Aceh, northern Sumatra. - http://english.pravda.ru/comp/2001/06/24/8578.html
- 07:30pm Apr 19, 2002 EST (#1555
Racist French General on Trial for Algeria Atrocities - http://www.blythe.org/nytransfer-subs/Africa/Racist_French_General_on_Trial_for_Algeria_Atrocities
- 07:34pm Apr 19, 2002 EST (#1556
ATROCITIES - http://bostonreview.mit.edu/BR20.4/Forbes.html
- 07:53pm Apr 19, 2002 EST (#1557
Film exposes Allies' Pacific war atrocities - http://www.observer.co.uk/international/story/0,6903,500631,00.html
Horrific footage shot during battle with Japanese shows
execution of wounded and bayoneting of corpses.
- 07:55pm Apr 19, 2002 EST (#1558
US soldiers committed wartime atrocities: BBC - http://www.theage.com.au/news/2000/12/03/FFXT6GAP8GC.html
- 10:49pm Apr 19, 2002 EST (#1559
Washington has found itself on the same side as Cuba, Libya,
and Syria, among other states, in trying to block a proposal before
the United Nations Human Rights Commission in Geneva designed to
give more teeth to the Convention Against Torture. - http://www.commondreams.org/headlines02/0419-03.htm
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